Adiantos, Mandragora feminea. 12th C. MS. Ashmole 1462.
Mandragora, standing on a white dog tied to its feet; Herbarium. Late 12th C. MS. Ashmole 1462.
The Naples Dioscorides (Codex neapolitanus Ms. Ex Vindob. Gr. 1 Salerno) preserved in the Biblioteca Nazionale, Naples, is an early seventh century Greek herbal based on the De Materia Medica of the first-century Greek military physician Dioscorides (Dioscurides) containing descriptions of plants and their medicinal uses. Until the early 18th century the manuscript was preserved in the Augustine monastery of San Giovanni a Carbonara in Naples. In 1718, the Habsburgs plundered it for the Viennese Court Library. At the conclusion of the peace negotiations after World War I, in 1919, the codex returned to the Biblioteca Nazionale in Naples.
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Latin 9333, f. 37 (harvesting mandrakes). Tacuinum sanitatis. Rhineland, 15th century.